He summarizes these two rules with an overriding "law," that mankind "is commanded to love his neighbor as himself". For instance, in one of the more bizarre cases, George Spencer was executed after one of his pigs sired a piglet with human resemblances.
It is very observable what hee professeth of his affectionate partaking with every member; whoe is weake saith hee and I am not weake? There is a time allsoe when christians though they give not all yet must give beyond their abillity, as they of Macedonia, Cor.
Members of the Puritan society must love one another, turn to each other, and be willing to give freely of their gathered riches. We must entertain each other in brotherly affection. After stating his first premise, Winthrop goes on to give reasons why God has given some people riches while allowing others Sarah's review: For first he that giues to the poore, lends to the lord and he will repay him even in this life an hundredfold to him or his.
All these teache us that the Lord lookes that when hee is pleased to call for his right in any thing wee haue, our owne interest wee haue, must stand aside till his turne be served.
They are twofold, a conformity with the worke and end wee aime at.
Ultimately, however, Winthrop concludes that excessive wealth leads our hearts away from God and toward the sin of pride and its social ramification, disregard for social needs. One must manifest love toward community through works and sacrifice.
Yee ought to lay doune your lives for the brethren. Now when the soule, which is of a sociable nature, findes anything like to itselfe, it is like Adam when Eve was brought to him.
If shee heard it groane, shee [Page 43] is with it presently. Whatsoever wee did, or ought to have, done, when wee liued in England, the same must wee doe, and more allsoe, where wee goe.
What rule shall a man observe in giving in respect of the measure? To the contemporary reader, this notion of love may seem quaint, an emotional fancy.
For the other, wee need looke noe further then to that of John 1. So that if we shall deal falsely with our God in this work we have undertaken, and so cause him to withdraw his present help from us, we shall be made a story and a by-word through the world. For the other place the Apostle speaks against such as walked inordinately, and it is without question, that he is worse than an infidell who through his owne sloathe and voluptuousness shall neglect to provide for his family.
In such cases as this, the care of the publique must oversway all private respects, by which, not only conscience, but meare civill pollicy, dothe binde us. Nothing yeildes more pleasure and content to the soule then when it findes that which it may loue fervently; for to love and live beloved is the soule's paradise both here and in heaven.
Secondly, that hee performe this out of the same affection which makes him carefull of his owne goods, according to that of our Savior, Math. The third consideration is concerning the exercise of this loue, which is twofold, inward or outward.
Shee findes recompense enough in the exercise of her loue towardes it. Simile simili gaudet, or like will to like; for as of things which are turned with disaffection to eache other, the ground of it is from a dissimilitude or ariseing from the contrary or different nature of the things themselves; for the ground of loue is an apprehension of some resemblance in the things loued to that which affects it.
Soe the way to drawe men to the workes of mercy, is not by force of Argument from the goodness or necessity of the worke; for though this cause may enforce, a rationall minde to some present act of mercy, as is frequent in experience, yet it cannot worke such a habit in [Page 40] a soule, as shall make it prompt upon all occasions to produce the same effect, but by frameing these affections of loue in the hearte which will as naturally bring forthe the other, as any cause doth produce the effect.
And when they must parte for a season onely, they thought theire heartes would have broake for sorrowe, had not theire affections found vent by abundance of teares. Whatsoever ye would that men should do to you. To instance in the most perfect of all bodies; Christ and his Church make one body; the several parts of this body considered apart before they were united, were as disproportionate and as much disordering as so many contrary qualities or elements, but when Christ comes, and by his spirit and love knits all these parts to himself and each to other, it is become the most perfect and best proportioned body in the world, Eph.
It was a sermon delivered by Winthrop, the future governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, to his fellow Puritans on the way to Massachusetts.1 John Winthrop – A Model of Christian Charity () A Reader's Edition.
John Winthrop's (–) sermon, 'A Model of Christian Charity' ()surely. Video: A Modell of Christian Charity by John Winthrop: Summary & Analysis Learn about John Winthrop, a religious leader who oversaw a Puritan colony in Massachusetts Bay.
One of the most lasting contributions of Winthrop to the Massachusetts Bay Colony was his heavy reliance on religion. While still aboard the Arbella, Winthrop and the other founders laid down their religious hopes for the new colony in a document called the "Model of Christian Charity." In it he.
A Model of Christian Charity, By John Winthrop Defines Puritanical ideology for "city upon a hill"--utopian commitment to Christian morals and community-shapes New England culture and politics Common Sense, By Thomas Paine A Model of Christian Charity By Governor John Winthrop Redacted and introduced by John Beardsley.
This is Winthrop’s most famous thesis, written on board the Arbella, A Model of Christian Charity By Governor John Winthrop Redacted and introduced by John Beardsley. This is Winthrop’s most famous thesis, written on board the Arbella, We love to imagine the occasion when he personally spoke this oration to some large portion of the Winthrop fleet passengers during or just before their passage.Download